UNIVERSITY TRIALS DATA PREFACE

The following trials were conducted between 1995 and 2003. Over 1.5 Million in funding was amassed by the manufacturer of SC27 Natural Science Center Inc. At the time of testing, SC27 was in a liquid formulation and contained only 27 microbe strains versus the 50 strains it contains today.  The original 27 strains are still in the SC27 powder formulation of today. All trials were completed by independent university analysis by PhD’s in various agronomic fields. Researchers include but are not limited to:
  • Dr. Richard Smiley – Cornell University
  • Dr. Donn Shilling – University of Florida
  • Dr. Janell M Stevens Johnk – Texas A&M University
  • Dr. Paul V. Nelson – North Carolina State University
  • Dr. Krishna Mohan – University of Idaho
  • Dr. Robert Mikkelsen – North Carolina State University
  • Dr. Candace Lowell – Central State University

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Cornell University – Trial Conducted By Dr. Richard Smiley

University Trial 1

Dr. Richard Smiley – Professor Plant Pathology and Soil Scientist at Cornell University, Oregon State University and Washington State University

Crop -Turf Grass – Bent Grass golf greens – Trial conducted at Cornell University turf research farm. Treatment – 36 oz./acre – Liquid formulation, 27 soil microbes. Control – No Treatment

Data – Above ground grass blade cuttings were taken on three occasions and weighed for total biomass. The treated greens comprised 30 meters square. An equivalent area was sampled from non- treated green. No root data taken. Also noted in report from Dr. Smiley was dramatic reduction is plant health issues. Only testing variable SC27 soil microbes. Weight measured in grams.

The following data was collected while using the original liquid formulation of SC27 containing only 27 strains of soil Fungi, Bacteria and Actinomycetes.

Yield Variance Between Treated and Non Treated0%
Fresh Weight BiomassTreated with SC27Not Treated
First Cutting898.4522.1
Second Cutting1211.5719.8
Third Cutting2763.81175.3

Texas A&M University – Trial Conducted By Dr. Janell M. Stevens Johnk

University Trial 2

Dr. Janell M. Stevens Johnk – Texas A&M University Plant Pathologist

Crop -Turf Grass – Saint Augustine. Treatment – 36 oz./acre – Liquid formulation, 27 soil microbes. Control – No Treatment
Data – Analyzed days after germination per meter squared.

Data represents average of 4 – 1 meter square plots from which destructive data was taken. Only testing variable was SC27 soil microbes. Weight measured in total dry weight grams.

The following data was collected while using the original liquid formulation of SC27 containing only 27 strains of soilFungi, Bacteria and Actinomycetes.

Increase in Dry Root Biomass0%
Fresh Weight BiomassShoot Biomass Dry SC27 TreatedShoot Biomass Dry Not TreatedRoot Biomass Dry SC27 TreatedRoot Biomass Dry Non Treated
Days 219.35.27.82.9
Days 3314.57.711.54.8
Days 6027.215.419.49.9
Days 9033.821.228.513.6
Increase in Dry Shoot Biomass0%

North Carolina State University – Trial Conducted By Dr. Paul V. Nelson

University Trial 3

Dr. Paul V Nelson – North Carolina State University, Professor of Horticulture

One meter square wooden flats (5 inches deep) were seeded with Bermuda Grass under environmentally controlled greenhouse conditions at NC State. NC State turf soil was utilized. Standard watering and fertilization schedules maintained. Only testing variable was SC27 soil microbes. A total of 6 flats were treated with SC27 at 16 oz./acre and 6 flats were non treated controls. All above ground shoots were clipped to the soil like on three different dates. Each sample bagged and dried at 60C.

Below data is expressed as average of 6 flats per treatment.Weight measured in grams.

The following data was collected while using the original liquid formulation of SC27 containing only 27 strains of soil Fungi, Bacteria and Actinomycetes.

Average Biomass Increase0%
Bermuda Grass Dry WeightSC27 TreatedNot Treated
Days 2557.9237.19
Days 6089.4355.37
Days 90119.4462.84

North Carolina State University – Trial Conducted By Dr. Robert Mikkelsen

University Trial 4

Dr Robert Mikkelsen Former Soil Science Professor Nc State University. Director International Plant Nutrition Institute

Crop – Tall Fescue. First Row treated with SC27 at 16 oz/acre – Second Row – Non-Treated control. Standard field growing conditions, fumigated soil, irrigation and weekly dilute fertilization. Shoot dry weight taken three times – 3 meters square, mowed- bagged- and dried at 60C – Dry weight biomass calculated. Data is expressed as dry weight biomass average per 1 square meeter of turf.

Analysis performed at Clayton Agricultural Research Station. Data – 36 rows, each row 15 meters long.

The following data was collected while using the original liquid formulation of SC27 containing only 27 strains of soil Fungi, Bacteria and Actinomycetes.

Increase in Dry Weight0%
Tall Fescue Dry WeightSC27 TreatedNot Treated
First Sampling17.399.42
Second Sampling31.2214.90
Third Sampling41.1618.53

Water Usage Tucson Arizona

Water Usage Trial Tucson Arizona

Trial was conducted in Tucson Arizona on a Billy Casper Golf managed course.

Golf course was constructed in 1997 in an abandoned rock quarry. Organic matter level at time of application is 0.2%.

SC27 soil microbes were applied June 22, 2015. SC27 microbes are saprophytes and necessitate a 2 to 3 month process after application to break down crop residue and thatch and and turn it into hydrophilic humus for moisture retention. Calculations were taken 2 months after initial inoculation for this process to occur (September 1, 2015).

SC27 microbes additionally increased root biomass and root length from 1 to 2 inches to 6 to 8 inch roots within 30 days. This increased root biomass also allows plants to store more water.

SC27 was applied to all fairways and rough areas on 18 holes. Tees and greens were not treated.

Water usage from the years of 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 were compared to water usage in 2015 thru January of 2016. Median average of all years prior to treatment was analyzed and averaged.

Reduction in Water Usage0%

Total Golf Course Water Usage (In Gallons – Per Acre)

2015 & January 2016 SC27 TreatedMedian Average 2011-2014 SC27 Non TreatedPercentage Decrease in Water Usage
September8,579,65611,518,832-34.26%
October6,373,64513,034,040-109.40%
November5,089,7927,110,068-39.69%
December4,226,2872,701,304 (2011 & 2014 2″+ of Rain in Dec.)+56.45%
January2,896,8154,425,056-52.75%

Total Golf Course Water Usage (Acre Feet Irrigation Water Applied)

2015-2016 SC27 TreatedMedian Average 2011-2014 SC27 Non TreatedPercentage Decrease in Water Usage
September26.3335.35-34.26%
October19.5640.96-109.40%
November15.6221.82-39.69%
December12.978.29 (2011 & 2014 2″+ of Rain in Dec.)+56.45%
January8.8913.58-52.75%

Total Golf Course Water Usage (Acre Feet Irrigation Water Applied)

2015-2016 SC27 TreatedMedian Average 2011-2014 SC27 Non TreatedPercentage Decrease in Water Usage
Median Average (Acre Feet Irrigation)16.6724.00-43.97%
2015-2016 SC27 TreatedMedian Average 2011-2014 SC27 Non TreatedDecrease in Gallons Per Acre
Median Average (Gallons Per Acre)5,431,9367,820,4240-2,388,488